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钢结构未来的发展趋势

作者:admin发布时间:2018-08-24 20:56

 GANGJIEGOUFENWEIJIANZHUGANGJIEGOU、QIAOLIANGGANGJIEGOUDENG,YUMUQIANJIANZHULINGYUPUBIANCAIYONGDEGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUXIANGBI,JUYOUQIANGDUGAO、GONGCHENGZAOJIADI、ZIZHONGQING、SHIGONGZHOUQIDUANHEKEGONGCHANGHUAZHIZUODENGYOUDIAN,RUCIDUOYOUSHIDEDAOGUANGFANZHONGSHIBINGXUNSUFAZHAN,CONGZHONGDAGONGCHENG、BIAOZHIXINGJIANZHUSHIYONGGANGJIEGOUDAOGANGJIEGOUPUBIANSHIYONG,CHENGXIANCHULECONGWEIYOUGUODEXINGWANGJINGXIANG。

     钢结构应用现状

  1.高层重型钢结构

天游   GAOCENGGANGJIEGOUJIANZHUSHIWANGWANGDANGZUOYIGECHENGSHIBIAOZHIXINGJIANZHU。80NIANDAIZHIJINYIJIANCHENGHEZAIJIANGAOCENGGANGJIEGOUDA100DUOCHUANG,ZONGMIANJIYUE800WANPINGFANGMI,GANGCAIYONGLIANG80DUOWANDUN。

天游   BEIJING、SHANGHAIZAIJIANHEXINJIANCHENGDEGAOCENGGANGJIEGOUJIUDADAOSHIYUCHUANG。RU:SHANGHAIZHONGXINDASHA(ZAIJIAN、632MI)、SHANGHAIHUANQIUJINRONGZHONGXIN(101CENG、GAO492MI、YONGGANGLIANG6.5WANDUN);BEIJINGDIANSHIZHONGXIN(JIANZHUMIANJI18.3WAN㎡,GAODUWEI41CENG,227.05m,YONGGANGLIANG3.8WANDUN);GUOMAOZHONGXINSANQI(JIANZHUMIANJI54WAN㎡、GAODUWEI330m);YANGSHIXINDALOUDENG(JIANZHUMIANJI5WAN㎡、GAODUWEI234m、YONGGANGLIANG12.8WANDUN)。QUANGUOMEINIANYOU200-300WAN㎡GAOCENGGANGJIEGOUJIANZHUSHIGONG,YONGGANGLIANGYUE45WANDUN。

  2.大跨度、空间钢结构

  JINNIANLAI,YIWANGJIAHEWANGQIAOWEIDAIBIAODEKONGJIANJIEGOUJIXUDALIANGFAZHAN,BUJINYONGYUMINYONGJIANZHU,ERQIEYONGYUGONGYECHANGFANG、JIKU、HOUJILOU、TIYUGUAN、ZHANLANZHONGXIN、DAJUYUAN、BOWUGUANDENG。GANGJIEGOUYONGLIANGJIAODADEGONGYECHANGFANGRUCAOFEIDIANGANGTIEJIDI、SHANGHAIJIANGNANZAOCHUANJIDIDENG,DAIBIAOXINGCHANGGUANRU2008BEIJINGAOYUNHUIGUOJIATIYUCHANG(GUAN)、2010SHANGHAISHIBOHUICHANG(GANGJIEGOUYONGLIANGDA30DUOWANDUN)、2010NIANYAYUNHUI(GUANGZHOU)、JINANQUANYUNHUI、SHENZHENDAYUNHUIJINANYANGQUANGUONONGMINYUNDONGHUIDENGCHENGSHIXINGJIANDETIYUCHANGGUAN。JUZHONGGUOGANGJIEGOUXIEHUIKONGJIANJIEGOUFENHUITONGJI:WANGJIAHEWANGQIAOJINNIANSHENGCHANYICHUYUQUPINGWENZHUANGTAI,MEINIAN1500ZUO,YUE250WANPINGFANGMI,YONGGANGYUE7WANDUN,GANGJIEGOUXUANYONGDEGANGCAICHENGXIANPINZHONGDUO、GUIGEZA、YONGLIANGDA、QIANGDUGAODETEDIAN,ZHUYAOPINZHONGYOU:Q235C、Q345C、390D(YONGYUDIXIAYUMAIDEZHUANGZHU)、Q345GJ、Q420、Q460DENG。

天游   SUIZHEXUANSUOHEMODEZHANGLAJIEGOUYANJIUKAIFASHENRUHEGONGCHENGYINGYONGDETUIGUANG。YUYINGLIKONGJIANJIEGOUKAISHIDEDAOYINGYONG。HANGZHOULEIFENGTA、HAINANQIANNIANTA、GUANGZHOUXINDIANSHITA(GAODU610MI、YONGGANGLIANG4.0WANDUN)HEKUNMINGSHIBOYUANYISHUGUANGCHANGMOJIEGOUDENGYIDAPIXINXINGGANGJIEGOUJIANZHUHEGOUZHUWUBUDUANYONGXIAN。XUANSUOHEMOJIEGOUMUQIANCHUYUFAZHANJIEDUAN,YONGLIANGBUDA,GUONEIYIYOUDUOJIAMOJIEGOUGONGCHENGGONGSI,CHENGDANHENDUOTIYUCHANGGUAN、JICHANG、GONGYUANHEJIEDAOJINGGUANDESHEJIHESHIGONG。MUQIANGAOZHONGDANGMOCAIRENGXUJINKOU(RUPTFE、ETFE)。

  3.轻钢结构

天游   QINGGANGJIEGOUSHIXIANGDUIYUZHONGGANGJIEGOUERYAN,QILEIXINGYOUMENSHIGANGJIA、GONGXINGBOWENGANGWUGAIJIEGOUDENG,ZHUYAOYONGYUQINGXINGDEGONGYECHANGFANGMIANHUAHELIANGSHICANGKU、MATOUHEBAOSHUIQUCANGKU、NONGCHANPIN、JIANCAI、JIAJUDENGGELEIJIAOYISHICHANG、TIYUCHANGGUAN、ZHANLANTINGJIHUODONGFANGWU、JIACENGJIANZHUDENG。YONGGANGLIANGYIBAN30-40kg/㎡ZUOYOU(BUHANGANGJINYONGLIANG)。QUANGUOMEINIANXINJIANQINGGANGFANGWU800WANPINGFANGMI、YONGGANGYUE20WANDUN。

  4.钢-混凝土组合结构

  GANG-HUNNINGTUZUHEJIEGOUSHICHONGFENFAHUIGANGCAIHEHUNNINGTULIANGZHONGCAILIAOGEZIYOUDIANDEHELIZUHE,BUDANJUYOUYOUYIDEJING、DONGLIGONGZUOXINGNENG,ERQIENENGDALIANGJIEYUEGANGCAI、JIANGDI

天游   GONGCHENGZAOJIAHEJIAKUAISHIGONGJINDU,DUIHUANJINGWURANJIAOSHAO,FUHEWOGUOJIANZHUJIEGOUFAZHANFANGXIANG。ZAIWOGUODEFAZHANSHIFENXUNSU,YIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUYEJIN、ZAOCHUAN、DIANLI、JIAOTONGDENGBUMENDEJIANZHUZHONG,BINGYIXUNMENGDESHITOUJINRULEQIAOLIANGGONGCHENGHEGAOCENGYUCHAOGAOCENGJIANZHUZHONG。

天游   ZAIGAOCENGJIANZHUFANGMIAN,JIANCHENGLEQUANBUCAIYONGZUHEJIEGOUDECHAOGAOCENGJIANZHU——SHENZHENSAIGEGUANGCHANGDASHA,GAO291.6m,SHUSHIJIEZUIGAODEGANG-HUNNINGTUZUHEJIEGOU。QUANGUOYIJIANCHENGDECAIYONGZUHEJIEGOUDEGAOCENGJIANZHUCHAOGUO40CHUANGZHIDUO。ZUHEJIEGOUGONGQIAOYIJIANCHENGDEYEYICHAOGUO300ZUO。

  5.钢结构住宅

  YONGGANGJIEGOUJIANZAODEZHUZHAIZHONGLIANGSHIGANGJINHUNNINGTUZHUZHAIDE1/2ZUOYOU,KEMANZUZHUZHAIDAKAIJIANDEXUQIU,SHIYONGMIANJIBIGANGJINHUNNINGTUZHUZHAITIGAO4%ZUOYOU。GANGCAIKEYIHUISHOU,JIANZAOHECHAICHUSHIDUIHUANJINGWURANJIAOSHAO,FUHETUIJINZHUZHAICHANYEHUAFAZHANJIENENGSHENGDIXINGZHUZHAIDEGUOJIAZHENGCE。

  WOGUOMUQIANSHIZUIDADEJIANZHUSHICHANG,PINGJUNMEINIANFANGWUJIANZHUJIANSHEYUE20YIPINGFANGMI(2009NIANFANGWUSHIGONGMIANJIDA32YIPINGFANGMI),QIZHONGGANGJIEGOUYUEZHAN2-3%,JUEDADUOSHUSHIGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUHEZHUANHUNNINGTUJIEGOU,HAIYOUSHAOLIANGMUJIEGOU、ZHUANSHIJIEGOUJITUPIFANGWU。JIN8YIPINGFANGMI/NIANDECHENGZHENJUMINZHUZHAIYIRUCI。GANGJIEGOUJIANZHUZAIWOGUOZHENGGEJIANZHUXINGYEZHONGSUOZHANDEBIZHONGHAIBUDAO5%,ERFADAGUOJIAYIDA50%YISHANG,ZHUZHAIGANGJIEGOUDEQIANZAIFAZHANKONGJIANFEICHANGDA。MUQIAN,ZAIZAIBEIJING、SHANGHAI、TIANJIN、HEBEI、WUHAN、QINGDAODENGDIJIANLEDICENG、DUOCENG、GAOCENGGANGJIEGOUZHUZHAISHIDIANSHIFANGONGCHENG,YIJIANCHENG500DUOWANPINGFANGMI,YONGGANGYUE20WANt。BAOGANGZAIGANGJIEGOUZHUZHAICHANYEHUAFANGMIANTOURUDALIANGZIJINHEYANJIURENYUAN,ZAIWUHAN、SHENYANGDENGDISHEJIJIANSHELEDUOCHUGANGJIEGOUSHIFANZHUZHAIXIANGMU,2007NIANZAIWUHANHANYANGQUJIANCHENGLEGANGJIEGOUSHIFANZHUZHAIXIANGMU——SAIBOYUANJINGJISHIYONGFANGXIAOQU,DADAOLESHIJIEGANGXIEYOUGUAN“GUOJIMINYONGJIANZHUYONGGANGXIANGMU”DEJISHUYAOQIU。CIWAI,ZHENDUITIGONGJISICHUANDIZHENZAIQUZUOWEIGUODUQIANZHIFANGDE60YUWANTAOHUODONGBANFANG,BAOGANGWANCHENGLEBANFANGCAILIAOLIYONGDESHIDIANXIANGMU。

  6.桥梁钢结构

  GEDACHENGSHIJIANGQIAOLIANGDENGJIAOTONGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEZUOWEIJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOJICHU。SHIYONGGANGJIEGOUJIAODUODEYOUXIELAQIAO,ZHUYAOZAIGANGXIANG、LANSUO、QIAOTADENGBUWEI,600MIYISHANGDETEDAQIAOLIANGJUNWEIGANGJIEGOUQIAOLIANG?“SHIYIWU”QIANSANNIANPINGJUNXINJIANQIAOLIANG3WANZUO/NIAN,NIANPINGJUNYONGGANGLIANG1300WANDUN。JUTONGJI,MUQIANZAIJIANGAOSUGONGLUHUNNINGTUQIAOLIANGZHONGKESHISHIGAIYONGGANGJIEGOUQIAOLIANG3480ZUO,GAIYONGGANGJIEGOUHOUKEJINGZENGJIAGANGCAIYONGLIANG546WANDUN。JIEZHI2008NIANDI,QUANGUO59WANZUOQIAOLIANGZHONGGANGJIEGOUQIAOLIANGBUZU1%。YUMEIGUO60WANZUOQIAOLIANGZHONGGANGJIEGOUQIAOLIANGZHAN33%、RIBEN13WANZUOQIAOLIANGGANGJIEGOUQIAOLIANGZHAN41%XIANGBI,CHAJUJIAODA。ZHONGGUODIYIZUOQUANGANGJIEGOUQIAOTADEQIAOSHINANJINGSANQIAO,JINQIAOTAYONGGANGLIANGJIDA1.44WANDUN?XIANGGANGANGCHUANZHOUDAQIAO(ZHANG1018MI)HESUTONGZHANGJIANGDAQIAO(ZHANG1088MI)ZHANJUSHIJIEZUIDAXIELAQIAODEQIANLIANGMING,DAO2015NIAN,ZHONGGUOYAOJIAN5ZUOKUAHAIXIADAQIAO,ZONGYONGGANGLIANGWEI625WANDUN。

  JINHOUYIGESHIQI,GUONEIGANGCAIPINZHONG、ZHILIANG、GUIGEBUJINYAOMANZUGUONEIWAIGANGJIEGOUFAZHANXUYAO,YOUGUANLINGYUDEGAOXINGNENGGANGCAIYINGYONGKAIFAGUOJILINGXIAN;GANGJIEGOUDECHANPIN、PEIJIANJIPEITAOJISHUCHANPINDADAOGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING。ZHONGDIANTUCHULIANGDAMIANGUANG,CHANZHIBIZHONGZAIXINGYEZHONGDIWEITUCHUDEGANGJIEGOUZHUZHAI、GANGJIEGOUQIAOLIANGJIFEIBIAO、CHENGTAOZHUANGBEIZHIZAO(BAOKUOXINNENGYUANFENGDIAN、HEDIAN、ZHINENGDIANWANG、SANHEYI、HAIYANGGONGCHENGGANGJIEGOUWANGDENG)DEQIANZAISHICHANGHEZIZHUCHUANGXINJISHUFAZHAN,CUJINGANGJIEGOUFANGWUJIANZHUZHILIANGQUANMIANTIGAO,TIGAOJIANZHUWUSHIYONGQIXIANHESHIJISHOUMINGGENGJIAXIANJIN,CUJINXIANGGUANPEITAOCHANPIN、BUJIANDEWANSHANTIGAO,ZHUBUSHIGANGJIEGOUCHANYECHENGWEIWOGUODEZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYE,CHUBUJUBEIGANGTIE、GANGJIEGOUQIANGGUOMUBIAO。

  LAIYUAN:DONGFENGREXIAN

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